Pelvic Vein Embolization
Pelvic congestion syndrome is similar to varicose veins in the legs. In both cases, the valves in the veins that help return blood to the heart against gravity become weakened and don't close properly. This allows blood to flow backwards and pool in the veins causing increased pressure within bulging veins. In the pelvis, varicose veins can cause pain and affect the uterus, ovaries and vulva. Up to 15 percent of women, generally between the ages of 20 and 50, have varicose veins in the pelvis, although not all experience symptoms. To seal the faulty, enlarged vein and relieve painful pressure, Dr. Wood inserts tiny coils along with a sclerosing agent (the same type of material used to treat varicose veins) to close the vein. After treatment, patients can return to normal activities immediately.
Dr. Wood discusses Pelvic Congestion Syndrome
Additional treatments are available depending on the severity of the woman's symptoms. Analgesics may be prescribed to reduce the pain. Hormones such as birth control pills decrease a woman's hormone level causing menstruation to stop, which may be helpful in controlling her symptoms. Surgical options include a hysterectomy with removal of ovaries, and tying off or removing the veins.